|Scientific names||Common names|
|Asparagus comorensis Hort.||Asparagus fern (Engl.)|
|Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop||Climbing asparagus fern (Engl.)|
|Asparagus plumosus Baker||Climbing feather fern (Engl.)|
|Asparagopsis setacea Kunth||Esparrago plumosa (Span.)|
|Common asparagus fern (Engl.)|
|Feather fern (Engl.)|
|Ornamental asparagus (Engl.)|
|Wen zhu (Chin.)|
|Other vernacular names|
|FRENCH: Asparagus des fleuristes.|
|SPANISH: Esparrago plumosa, Esparraguera de las floristas.|
|THAI: Prong fa.|
Genus Asparagus of the Liliaceae family is of medical importance because of its steroidal sapogenins used as precursors for many pharmacologically active steroids.
Asparagus fern is a slender, climbiing or ascending, branched perennial, with round, green and wiry stems, with very numerous slender branches and branchlets that spread horizontally, forming triangular fernlike sprays, with the upper internodes 1 to 2 millimeters long. Leaves (cladodes) are setaceous, very slender, 3 to 5 millimeters long, ascending or spreading, 6 to 12 in a fascicle. Flowers are small, perfect, solitary at the ends of the branches, with very short pedicels, about 1 millimeter long. Perianth-segments are about 2 millimeters long and spreading. Fruit is a purple and black ovoid berry.
– Cultivated for ornamental use.
– Native of Africa.
– Cultivated in most warm countries.
• Study isolated furostanol glycosides from Asparagus plumosus leaves.
•Traditionally, antimalarial, diuretic.
Folkloric medicinal application.
– In Mexico a decoction of the branches are used for pulmonary infections; decoction of roots used as a diuretic.
– In Tanzania, the Lobedu drink a cold infusion of leaves and stem for malaria.
– In Pakistan, root tubers used with boiled milk and sugar for dysentery and diarrhea.
– Ornamental: The cuts sprays of the asparagus fern are ornamental favorites among florists for its beauty and lasting quality.
• Phytochemicals / Glycosides:
(1) A methanolic extract study of leaves of A plumosus yielded two new furostanol glycosides.
(2) Study yielded three spirostanol glycosides from the leaves.
Cultivated for ornmental use.
Seeds in the cybermarket.
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