Some of the health benefits of eating eggplant or brinjal include useful in reducing high eye pressure and other eye problems, lower cholesterol, aid in weight loss, protects liver and heart, good for diabetic and hypertension patients.
Eggplant nutrition facts, calories and other names
The scientific name of eggplant is Solanum melongena. Other common english names include Brinjal, Garden egg, Melongene and Guinea squash.
It is known as berenjena ( in spanish), albergínia ( in catalan), beringela ( in portuguese), baigan( in hindi), badanekāyi( in kannada), vangakaya( in telugu), vaṟutina (in malayalam), kathirikkai ( in tamil).
Eggplant is consumed throughout the world and varies in fruit color, shape, and size. There are many varieties of eggplant including (purple colored moderate size, white-green colored moderate size, long green, green striped moderate size and pale-green colored small size).
A 100 gm of eggplant contains 24 calories. It is is very low in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a good source of Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Thiamin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Pantothenic Acid, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Copper, and a very good source of Dietary Fiber, Folate, Potassium and Manganese.
Health benefits of eating Eggplant or brinjal
Eggplant are good for eyes
According to a study, eggplant may have therapeutic value in the treatment of diseases of the eye involving high eye pressure also known as intraocular hypertension and convergence insufficiency. Convergence insufficiency include eye strain, double vision, headaches, blurred vision at near, eye fatigue, tension in and around the eyes, print moving on page, and frequent loss of place when reading. If, eye pressure is higher than normal and left untreated, can cause glaucoma and permanent vision loss in some individuals.
Consuming eggplant regularly helps to lower increased eye pressure and reduces eye strain, blur vision, eye fatigue,
headaches and tension in and around eyes. It helps to reduces the risk of glaucoma and many other eye diseases.So, eating eggplant are good for eyes health.
Eggplant helps to lower cholesterol
A study finding has shown that flavanoids found in eggplant or brinjal has cholesterol lowering property.
Eggplant helps to reduce weight loss and promote immunity
According to a study, eggplant significantly reduce weight, plasma cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride and aortic cholesterol content and promote endothelium-dependent relaxation.
Normal functions of endothelial cells include mediation of coagulation, platelet adhesion, immune function and control of volume and electrolyte content of the intravascular and extravascular spaces.
Regular intake of eggplant aid in weight loss, reduces high cholesterol and helpful in endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial dysfunction is a major physiopathological mechanism that leads towards coronary artery disease, and other atherosclerotic diseases.
Eggplant protects the liver
A study has shown that eggplant has hepatoprotective properties, which helps to protect the liver against toxicity, liver damage or other diseases.
Eggplant promote heart health
Raw vs cooked eggplant
According to study, cooked eggplant may have a higher antioxidant capacity than raw eggplant. Cooking process enhances the main phenolic compounds such as chlorogenic and caffeic acids, which are known to be antioxidants.
This also increases the free radical scavenging activity was significantly higher, especially that of superoxide anion in cooked eggplant.
This suggest that thermal treatment commonly used before consumption can increase the content and biological activity of antioxidant compounds of eggplants.
Eggplant inhibit the spread of cancer to other parts of body
A study has shown that Delphinidin, a compound found within eggplant, inhbits the invasiveness of fibrosarcoma cells or inhibition of tumor cell invasiveness.
Eggplant is good for diabets mellitus type 2 and hypertension patients
Eggplant contains high fiber, low soluble carbohydrate and strong phenolic-enriched extracts, which helps to reduce cellular oxidation stress and effective in managing type 2 diabetes and hypertension.
In a study, eggplant phenolics may inhibit key enzymes associated with the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and hypterension.
Eggplant peel prevent angiogenesis-related diseases
According to a study, nasunin, an antioxidant anthocyanin, in eggplant peels both antioxidant and antiangiogenic activities might be useful to prevent angiogenesis-related diseases.
Anti-Angiogenic refers to a substance used to stop the growth of tumors and progression of cancers by limiting the pathologic formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis).
Eggplant reduces DNA damage
In a study, purified anthocyanin from eggplant helps to prevent mutations and reduces DNA damage which helps to improve health.
Purple, smaller varieties of eggplant have better antioxidant activity
A study evaluates the antioxidant potential of four different varieties of eggplant (long green, purple coloured big size, purple coloured moderate size and purple coloured small size) in terms of total phenolic content, DPPH, total reducing power, superoxide radical scavenging activity, metal chelating activity and total anthocyanin content. Extracts from purple colour small size eggplant fruit demonstrated better antioxidant activities than the others.
Avoid eating eggplant in following situation
An animal study has shown the adverse effects eating eggplant in pregnant women (as it is associated with abortion or miscarriage and others) and in case of breast cancer (or family history of breast cancer).
Eggplant recipe ideas and uses
- Healthy pepper mix stuffed eggplant recipe
- Try braise, steamed or stuffed eggplant recipe.
- Roast the eggplant with its skin until charred, so the pulp can be removed and blended with other ingredients, such as lemon, tahini, and garlic.
- Mix roasted eggplant, roasted red peppers, chopped onions, tomatoes, mushrooms, carrots, celery and spices.
- Make yummy healthy sauce or dip out of mixing roasted eggplant with garlic, little coconut oil and other spices.
- Cut eggplant in to thin slices and add black pepper with other spices to taste, bake them into healthy eggplant chips.
- Make eggplant pickle.
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