|Scientific names||Other common names|
|Amaryllis barbata (Herb.) Traub||Orange lirio (Tag., Engl.)|
|Amaryllis barreirasa Traub||Amaryllis lily (Engl.)|
|Amaryllis belladona E.Mey. ex Steud. [Invalid]||Barbados lily (Engl.)|
|Amaryllis biflora Sessé||Easter lily (Engl.)|
|Amaryllis brasiliensis Andrews||Maroon lily (Engl.)|
|Amaryllis haywardii Traub & Uphof||Red lily (Engl.)|
|Amaryllis ignescens Regel|
|Amaryllis punicea Lam.|
|Amaryllis pyrrhocroa (Lem.) W.Bull|
|Amaryllis roezlii Regel|
|Amaryllis spathacea (Sims) Sweet|
|Hippeastrum barbatum Herb.|
|Hippeastrum ignescens Regel|
|Hippeastrum occidentale M.Roem.|
|Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss|
|Hippeastrum pyrrochroum Lem.|
|Hippeastrum roezlii (Regel) Baker.|
|Hippeastrum spathaceum Sims.|
|Hippeastrum wolteri Wittm.|
|Lirio is a commo name shared by Crinum latifolium (Lirio) and orange llirio (Hippeastrum puniceum).|
|Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss is an accepted name|
|Other vernacular names|
|DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Duende.|
|FRENCH: Lys rouge.|
Orange lirio is a bulbous perennial with runners or stolons. Leaves are fleshy green, swordlike, 25 to 40 centimeters long, 3 centimeters wide, strap-shaped, narrowed at the tip, developing fully as the flowers wilt. Stem arising from the bulb is cylindrical, hollow, 30 to 40 centimeters long, the tip bearing 2 to 4 stalked, showy, more or less nodding, red or orange colored flowers. Flowers are trumpet-shaped, 8 to 10 centimeters in diameter, the tube about 2.5 centimeters long, and the 6 segments 10 to 12 centimeters long. The fruit is a roundish capsule.
There are several cultivated forms, including a hybrid with dark red flowers with a white stripe running along the center of each segment.
– Native to South America.
– Study isolated an alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine.
– Phytochemical screening of various extracts of bulbs yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, proteins and amino acids. (see study)
– Considered antispasmodic, emetic, purgative.
Folkloric traditional medicine benefits and uses
– Used for stomachaches.
– In French Guiana, flower infusion is considered antispasmodic; locally used for whooping cough. In NW Guyana, root used to treat asthma, biliousness, as laxative and to induce vomiting. (see study)
– In India fresh bulbs traditionally used for healing wounds, tumors, and piles.
– In Jamaica, bulb is used to make plaster with bread or Eryngium foetidum for use on swelling and sores. Also used for abscesses and ulcers. (see study)
Scientific studies on red lily
• Bioactive Alkaloid / Antifeedant / Plant Protective: Study isolated a bioactive alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine, which showed antifeedant activity against the polyphagous insect Spodoptera littoralis. Results suggest a plant protective role for H. puniceum alkaloids. (see study)
• Phytochemical Examination of Bulbs:
Microscopic examination of bulbs showed starch grains, mucilage cells and xylem fibers. Phytochemical screening of various extracts yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, proteins and amino acids. A chloroform extract showed the highest phenolic content. (see study)
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