Red lily proven benefits uses

red lily

red lily

The scientific name of the red lily is Hippeastrum puniceum.

Scientific names Other common names
Amaryllis barbata (Herb.) Traub Orange lirio (Tag., Engl.) 
Amaryllis barreirasa Traub Amaryllis lily (Engl.) 
Amaryllis belladona E.Mey. ex Steud.     [Invalid] Barbados lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis biflora Sessé Easter lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis brasiliensis Andrews Maroon lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis haywardii Traub & Uphof Red lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis ignescens Regel
Amaryllis punicea Lam.
Amaryllis pyrrhocroa (Lem.) W.Bull
Amaryllis roezlii Regel
Amaryllis spathacea (Sims) Sweet
Hippeastrum barbatum Herb.
Hippeastrum ignescens Regel
Hippeastrum occidentale M.Roem.
Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss
Hippeastrum pyrrochroum Lem.
Hippeastrum roezlii (Regel) Baker.
Hippeastrum spathaceum Sims.
Hippeastrum wolteri Wittm.
Lirio is a commo name shared by Crinum latifolium (Lirio) and orange llirio (Hippeastrum puniceum).
Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss is an accepted name

Other vernacular names
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Duende.
FRENCH: Lys rouge.

Botany

Orange lirio is a bulbous perennial with runners or stolons. Leaves are fleshy green, swordlike, 25 to 40 centimeters long, 3 centimeters wide, strap-shaped, narrowed at the tip, developing fully as the flowers wilt. Stem arising from the bulb is cylindrical, hollow, 30 to 40 centimeters long, the tip bearing 2 to 4 stalked, showy, more or less nodding, red or orange colored flowers. Flowers are trumpet-shaped, 8 to 10 centimeters in diameter, the tube about 2.5 centimeters long, and the 6 segments 10 to 12 centimeters long. The fruit is a roundish capsule.

There are several cultivated forms, including a hybrid with dark red flowers with a white stripe running along the center of each segment.

Distribution

– Cultivated.

– Native to South America.

Constituents

– Study isolated an alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine.

– Phytochemical screening of various extracts of bulbs yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, proteins and amino acids. (see study)

Properties

– Considered antispasmodic, emetic, purgative.

Parts used

Flowers, bulbs.

Uses
Folkloric traditional medicine benefits and uses

– Used for stomachaches.

– In French Guiana, flower infusion is considered antispasmodic; locally used for whooping cough. In NW Guyana, root used to treat asthma, biliousness, as laxative and to induce vomiting. (see study)

– In India fresh bulbs traditionally used for healing wounds, tumors, and piles.

– In Jamaica, bulb is used to make plaster with bread or Eryngium foetidum for use on swelling and sores. Also used for abscesses and ulcers. (see study)

Scientific studies on red lily

Bioactive Alkaloid / Antifeedant / Plant Protective: Study isolated a bioactive alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine, which showed antifeedant activity against the polyphagous insect Spodoptera littoralis. Results suggest a plant protective role for H. puniceum alkaloids. (see study)

Phytochemical Examination of Bulbs:

Microscopic examination of bulbs showed starch grains, mucilage cells and xylem fibers. Phytochemical screening of various extracts yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, proteins and amino acids. A chloroform extract showed the highest phenolic content. (see study)

Availability

Wild-crafted.

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