Carrot – nutrition, proven health benefits and uses



The scientific name of the carrot is Daucus carota L.

Carrot is an erect, vegetable herb, growing 30 to 60 centimeters in height, with 2to 3 pinnate leaves, the ultimate leaflet being oblong-lanceolate or linear. Flowers are small, white, or yellow, borne in compound umbels. Fruit is small, ellipsoid, dorsally compressed, bristled and ribbed. The tap root is robust, sometimes swollen, fleshy, and yellow or orange-colored.


– Leaves contain a volatile oil with pyrrolidine, daucine, and mannite.

– Roots yield volatile oil 0.0114%; fixed oil, carotin, lecithin, phosphatide, glutamine, sugar 4 to 12%, d-glucose, malic acid, pectin 1 to 3%, asparagine, inosite, etc.

– Leaves and seeds yield an alkaloid; the seeds, in addition, yield a bitter glucoside.

Medicinal Properties 

Astringent, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, sudorific.

Parts used

Roots, seeds.


Culinary / Nutritional / Edibility

– A valued vegetable, eaten raw or cooked.

– An ingredient of pickle/ achara; also used in various dishes.

– Roots are a good source of calcium, iron, and phosphorus; a fair source of vitamin B; and a source of vitamins A, C and B2.

– In Java, the young leaves are eaten.

Folkloric uses and remedies

– Believed to be beneficial for cancers and kidney problems.

– For coughs and chest afflictions, the roots are boiled in milk; the milk is drunk and a poultice of the root is
applied to the chest.

– In Mexico, roots are boiled in milk and used for coughs and chest affliction.

– For burns and infected ulcers, grated carrots are applied to th
e affected parts.

– Ointment made from roots and lard used for burns and scalds.

– Raw carrots eaten as mechanical anthelmintic.

– Root made into marmalade used as refrigerant.

– Poultice of carrots also used for ulcers, carbuncles, infected wounds.

– Seeds of the plant when ground to powder and taken as tea for colic and to increase urine flow.

– Tea of carrot blossoms has been used for treatment of dropsy.

-In India, seeds as considered a nervine tonic; Decoction of leaves and seeds used as stimulant to the uterus during parturition. In the Punjab, seeds are used as aphrodisiac and used for uterine pain. Fruit is recommended for chronic diarrhea. Seeds also used as abortifacient.

– In European folk medicine, root decoction used for jaundice and hepat
ic disorders.

Healthy recipes with carrot

Scientific proven health benefits and uses of carrot


(1) A study of carrot extract revealed it could provide significant protective action in the alleviation of CCl4-induced hepatocellular injury.

(2) Study of carrot extract showed it restored the depressed antioxidants and HDL levels to near normal and afforded a significant protective effect against lindane-induced hepatotoxicity.


Study of the petroleum ether extract of seeds of carrot showed antitumor activity, inhibiting the growth of Ehrlich ascites tumor in mice.

Antifungal / Cytotoxicity:

Study or Daucus carota oil showed it to contain high amounts of elemicin with its strong antifungal activity with cytotoxicity and low detrimental effect on mammalian cells.

Cardiovascular / Hypotensive Effect:

(1) Study of ethanolic extract exhibited Ca+ channel blocking-like direct relaxant action on cardiac and smooth muscle preparation, an activity probably responsible for its hypotensive effect.

(2) Study results imply that D. carota is a potential source of protection from myocardial infarction and maintenance of its tonicity.

Hypolipidemic / Cognitive Dysfunction Benefits:

Daucus carota extract significantly reduced brain acetylcholinesterase activity and cholesterol levels in mice. Results suggest it may be a useful remedy for management of cognitive dysfunctions with multifarious beneficial activities including memory improving property, cholesterol lowering benefits and anticholinesterase activity.

Intraocular Pressure Lowering:

Topical application of DC seed extract in rabbits showed a comparatively slower onset of action but the duration of action comparable to pilocarpine in all experimental models.

Cognitive and Memory Benefits:

Study of ethanol extract of D. carota suggest it may prove useful for the management of cognitive dysfunctions with memory improving property, cholesterol lowering and anticholinesterase activity.


Ethanolic extract of seeds exhibited a significant lowering of total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL ?, and VLDL as compared to the control group. The antioxidant potential of seeds contributed to the reduction of oxidative stress and lipid levels in experimental rats.

Antinociceptive / Anti-Inflammatory:

Ethanolic seed extract investigated for anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity in acute and chronic models in rats inhibited carrageenan, histamine, and serotonin-induced paw edema. The extract also significantly attenuated the writhing responses induced by intraperitoneal acetic acid injection.

Read about other interesting fruits

Acai berry        Ambarella         Avocado           Bael       Banana      Bilberry      Cocunut   

 Cantaloupe        Cashew apple      Dragon Fruit        Fig      Jack fruit  Jamun        Kiwi      

 Mango        Mangosteen       Miracle fruit         Pomelo      Papaya            Passion fruit

Phalsa      Pineapple           Plum       Pomegranate        Prickly pear           Quince       

Rambutan           Roselle          Santol          Sapota       Sea buckthorn       Sour Orange     

Soursop           Sweet Lime         Star gooseberry         Star Apple          Strawberry     

Surinam Cherry          Sweet lime              Tamarind               Tomato           Tree tomato     

 Wampi       Watermelon         Wood apple

Read about herbs and spices

Allspice          Alfalfa                Aloe vera             Ashwagandha        Bay leaf            Black cohosh         

 Brahmi         Black onion seeds       Black pepper        Celery          Chives         Chamomile        Clove  

Coriander       Curry leaf         Cumin          Fennel            Fenugreek        Garlic      Ginger         

 Gotu Kola      Holy basil      Kava Kava        Licorice        Lotus          Majoram      

 Mustard seeds       Nutmeg       Oregano            Peppermint           Red  clover   

Rose         Rosemary           Sage       St.John’s wort        Tarragon         Thyme     

 Triphala powder     Turmeric     Wheat grass      Wild amarnath

Unbiased Scientific Evidence base research for holistic health and wellness through everything natural.