Cumin seeds nutrition, proven health benefits and uses

cumin-seeds-nutrition-health-benefits-uses
The scientific name of cumin is Cuminum cyminum. It is also known as Comino (Spanish), Cumin (French), Jeera (Hindi), Jeeragham, Jeerakam (Tamil), Jeeragam, Jirakam, Nallajirakam (Malayalam), Jeelakarra (Telugu), Jiru (Gujarati), Jire (Bengali), Jire (Marathi & Oriya), Jeera (Punjabi), Zeera (Urdu).

 

Cumin nutrition facts and calories

Cumin seeds has many medicinal uses and can be used as whole seeds or in powdered form. It is used in many cuisines as spice to add distinct aroma and flavor to the dishes.

 A 100 gm of cumin seeds has about 375 calories. It is is low in Saturated Fat and Sodium, and very low in Cholesterol. It is also a good source of Dietary Fiber, Thiamin, Phosphorus, Potassium and Copper, and a very good source of Calcium, Iron, Magnesium and Manganese.
According to USDA, 1 cup of cumin seeds about 98 g of total weight has following nutritional value
Nutrients Amount
Basic Components  
Protein 18 g
Water 7.9 g
Ash 7.4 g
Phytosterols 67 mg
Calories
Total Calories 369
Calories From Carbohydrate 126
Calories From Fat 183
Calories From Protein 59
   
Carbohydrates  
Total Carbohydrates 44 g
Dietary Fiber 10 g
Sugar 2.2 g
   
Fats & Fatty Acids  
Total Fat 22 g
Saturated Fat 1.5 g
Monounsaturated Fat 14 g
Polyunsaturated Fat 3.2 g
Omega-3 Fatty Acids 173 mg
Omega-6 Fatty Acids 3.1 g
Vitamins  
Vitamin A 1250 IU
Vitamin C 7.6 mg
Vitamin E 3.3 mg
Vitamin K 5.3 mcg
Thiamin 618 mcg
Riboflavin 322 mcg
Niacin 4.5 mg
Vitamin B6 428 mcg
Folate 9.8 mcg
Choline 24.2 mg
Minerals  
Calcium 916 mg
Iron 65 mg
Magnesium 360 mg
Phosphorus 491 mg
Potassium 1.8 g
Sodium 165 mg
Zinc 4.7 mg
Copper 853 mcg
Manganese 3.3 mg
Selenium 5.1 mcg

cumin-seeds-nutrition-health-benefits-uses

Health benefits and uses of cumin seeds

Weight loss and boost metabolism

Cumin helps to reduce weight and can be great help for obese people who want to loose weight naturally.

Studies has found that taking cumin for eight weeks among overweight subjects had the same effects of orlistat120 on weight and BMI but with beneficial effects on insulin metabolism.

Good for colon

Studies has shown that cumin and black pepper  are good for colon health and can prevent colon cancer.

Diabetes and blood sugar control

Cumin has therapeutic effect on diabetes, helps to lower and control blood sugar in natural way.

Study has shown that cumin contains a compound cuminaldehyde which may contribute to this herb’s antidiabetic activity.

Another study has shown that cumin seeds has blood sugar lowering and anti-glycation properties supeior to the drug glibenclamide.

Good for bone health

Cumin plant is rich in Phytoestrogens, which plays key role in estrogen-related disorders. Cumin significantly reduced urinary calcium excretion and significantly increased calcium content and mechanical strength of bones in comparison. It helps to protect the bones against aging and other bone related problem like osteoporosis.

Study has found that cumin extract reverses bone loss without affecting uterus health.

Stress reliever and boost memory

Cumin helps to improve memory disorders like memory loss, act as natural stress reliever and protects the body against oxidative stress damage.

A study provides study provides scientific support for the antistress, antioxidant, and memory-enhancing activities of cumin extract and substantiates that its traditional use as a culinary spice in foods is beneficial and scientific in combating stress and related disorders.

Male contraceptive

Studies has shown that cumin seeds has reversible contraceptive activities without producing apparent toxic effects.

Boost immune system health

Cumin is one of the herbs and spices that are known to modulate the immune system and have been shown to restore the immunity in immuno-compromised individuals. It is an effective natural way to boost immunity, and useful in treatment and prevention of immune disorders like low immune function that can occur due to stress.

Study confirms that cumin is a potent immunomodulator and may develop as a lead to recover the immunity of immuno-compromised individuals.

Good for eyes

Cumin seeds are good for eyes and helps to prevent various eye related disorders like cataract that can occur due to aging or clinical conditions like diabetes. People with diabetes should consider using cumin daily as it helps to delay eye related diabetic complications like cataract. Cumin has shown to play an important role in maintaining the transparency of the lens by preventing the aggregation/inactivation of several proteins and enzymes.

Study has proven that supplementation of cumin prevents glycation of the diabetic lens,  delayed progression and maturation cataracts.

Pain management

Study has shown that cumin reduces morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) which can be helpful for the people who are dependent on morphine for pain relief.

Another study has shown that the essential oil of Cumin attenuates the development of morphine tolerance and dependence.

Anti-tumor and anti-cancer

There is a strong correlation between diet and cancer. Cumin seeds has shown chemo-preventive potential and has ability to modulate carcinogen metabolism.

Study has shown that cumin seed has significant anti-tumor activity and helpful in killing cervical cancer cells.

Manage cholesterol level

High cholesterol or elevation of one or more fat proteins in the blood also known as Hyperlipidemia. Hyperlipidemia is an associated complication of diabetes mellitus and consuming cumin seeds helps in significant reduction in plasma and tissue cholesterol, phospholipids, free fatty acids and triglycerides.

Studies has shown that cumin seeds supplementation improves blood lipid profiles, blood sugar and glycation. It is found to be more effective than glibenclamide in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.

Good for stomach

Regular intake of cumin seeds can be beneficial for stomach health. It helps to protect stomach against various disorder like peptic ulcers. Consumption of cumin seeds significantly increased gastric mucus content, antioxidant status and cellular ATPase enzyme levels, which protect the stomach lining from serious ulcers or it’s associated complications like gastrointestinal bleeding.

Study has proven that cumin seeds inhibited advanced glycated end products formation and has protects the gastric mucosa against various diabetic complications.

Prevent MRSA

MRSA is a a contagious and antibiotic-resistant staph bacteria that leads to potentially dangerous infection.

Study has found that cinnamon, clove and cumin exhibit anti-MRSA properties, in vitro.

Anti-bacterial

Cumin seeds and its oil has antibacterial properties against various bacterial infection including salmonella infection, E.coli infection and many more.

Studies has found that Coriander and cumin seed oil combination might be used as a potential source of safe and effective natural antimicrobial and antioxidant agent.

Anti-Klebsiella and prevent biofilm formation

Klebsiella  is a type of Gram-negative bacteria that can cause different types of healthcare-associated infections, including pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis.

Study has found that cumin essential oil exhibits anti-Klebsiella activity.

Anti-microbial

Cumin seeds and it’s essential oil is helpful in treatment and prevention of various gram-negative bacterial infections, gram-positive bacterial infections and candida infection.

Study has proven that cumin has a broad range of antimicrobial activity.

Anti-fungal

Cumin has antifungal properties that helps to prevent and treat various fungal or yeast infections including skin fungal diseases and dermatophyte infections.

A study indicates that cumin has significant anti-fungal activity.

Study has shown that cumin has antioxidant, anti-fungal and anti-Vibrio activity, used as potent agents in food preservation and for therapeutic or nutraceutical industries.

Prevent food poisoning

Cumin has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that helps to prevent food borne problems including food poisoning.

Study has shown that cumin seed essential oil and nisin work synergistically to inhibit food-borne pathogens.

Anti-Platelet and heart health

Cumin seeds helps to prevent the formation of dangerous blood clot which can cause heart attack or stroke. Cumin seeds has anti-platelet action that helps to treat various heart problems.

Study has shown that cumin seed extract and turmeric inhibits platelet aggregation and positively alters eicosanoid biosynthesis in human blood platelets.

Antioxidants

Cumin seeds are rich in oxidants that protects the body from free radical and oxidative stress damage.

Study has found that cumin, caraway, coriander, dill and fennel compare favorably to ascorbic acid for their antioxidant activity.

Dental health or oral care

Cumin has antimicrobial activities and prevent biofilm-formation, which makes cumin useful in treatment and prevention of variious dental problems like dental caries, and gingivitis.

Study has shown that peppermint and to a lesser extent cumin essential oil compare favorably to the chemical chlorhexidine as anti-gingival dental plaque agents.

Recipe ideas and uses

Cumin seeds can be used as whole or grounded. Add them into curries, stew, soups, gravies, pastries and pickles.

Make cumin tea by just boiling whole cumin seeds into water, and then enhance the flavor by adding fresh lemon juice with or without honey.

Cumin can be added to cheese.

Add cumin seeds to the bread batter while baking.

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